All disparities displayed as a ratio between white defendants and defendants of color percentages.
Misdemeanor Cases Resolved within 90 Days Disparity
Defendants of Color
Unknown Race / Ethnicity
Warnings / Notes
Race / ethnicity missing > 10%
Statistically and substantively significant
Related and Companion Measures
- Minimum age at which an individual can be prosecuted as an adult:
- Age at which an individual can no longer be considered a juvenile:
Please Note:Our Measures are meant to be a starting point for a conversation about the criminal justice system that addresses what’s working well and what needs further attention. The aim is to create transparency. To learn more please see our process & methodology.
Suggested Citation:Measures for Justice Data Portal.(Data Release: 2.3.10).Retrieved from https://www.measuresforjustice.org on 4/4/2020.
This measure does not account for time during which the defendant failed to appear or was deemed incompetent to stand trial. These circumstances may deflate the percentage of cases completed in this timeframe.
The defendant’s race is often recorded based on an assessment made by the criminal justice officer who had initial contact with the defendant. This may result in the overrepresentation of certain groups and underrepresentation of others in the data. Race and ethnicity categories mirror those used by the U.S. Census Bureau.
The relative disparity rate is calculated by dividing the highest within-group score by the lowest within-group score. The disparities you see here compare the probability of having an outcome based on group assignment but they do not test for statistical significance.
We estimate confidence intervals to test whether the disparity in outcomes for the two groups is beyond what could be expected by random chance. In this sense, statistical significance provides information about the precision and certainty of the measurement.
Because statistical significance is affected by sample size, we also evaluate whether the size of the disparity merits attention irrespective of whether it is statistically significant or not. Disparities equal to or greater than 1.05 are considered substantively significant and attempts should be made to understand and address them.
Includes cases with unknown Race / Ethnicity