The board is a governing body responsible for devising policies and procedures that support best practices for MFJ. Our board comprises some of the best thinkers out there on the subject of legal reform and policy. Current Directors include:
The Methods and Measurement Council comprises some of the brightest and most talented people in the field of criminal justice research and measurement who help revise and ratify MFJ’s measures, which were originally developed by MFJ’s Data Council. Current Methods and Measurement Council members include:
The Benchmarking Council is a senior advisory group comprised of well-known and highly respected criminologists, all of whom have had an important impact on criminal justice theory and practice in the past few decades. The group also includes a member who pioneered the field of pain measurement in medicine. The Benchmarking Council vets MFJ's measures and methodology, but the main focus of their work is on devising ways to help people better understand what the data mean. To this end, they are developing benchmarks MFJ will test with stakeholders across all our states. Current Benchmarking Council members include:
The Data Council, established in 2011, was comprised of measurement experts with diverse expertise in the judicial system (experts on the judiciary, the bench, indigent defense, race in the courts, etc.) who helped isolate useful indicators of system performance and from them developed MFJ’s initial set of measures. Data Council members included:
The MFJ Advisory Committee provides crucial strategic guidance for the organization with a particular focus on fundraising and developing a model to expand the Measures and generate revenue.
To assist its efforts in California and ensure that they are responsive to local issues, MFJ has formed an Advisory Council comprised of respected stakeholders from and experts on the California criminal justice system (judiciary, law enforcement, public defender, prosecution, administrative offices of the courts, academics, etc.).
The Council will support MFJ’s California work by: helping with outreach out to data owners; sharing key thoughts and concerns regarding the data and Measures; speaking on behalf of the constituencies it represents and; serving as a liaison, answering questions others may have about Measures for Justice.
Dr. Gipsy Escobar has extensive multidisciplinary criminal justice research experience designing and managing complex research projects, mentoring staff, and communicating research results to varied audiences. She is proficient in multiple statistical platforms and advanced computer mapping software. As MFJ’s Director of Research & Analytics, she has worked with national experts to design and validate a system of performance measurement for local criminal justice and has developed a robust methodology to standardize the management of criminal justice data from varied sources across jurisdictions in the United States. She is responsible for overseeing and managing all ongoing data work to populate the MFJ performance metrics, as well as studies employing diverse quantitative and qualitative research methods.
Previously, Dr. Escobar was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology and a faculty member of the Graduate School at Loyola University Chicago. She received her Ph.D. from John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her research interests include crime and justice measurement, court case processing, program evaluation, and the spatial study of crime correlates at the community level.
Samantha J. Silver joined Measures for Justice in 2011 and works closely with Amy to help turn her vision and the MFJ mission into a reality. Samantha provides ongoing organizational and project strategic counsel, project management, and day-to-day operational support.
Prior to joining MFJ, Samantha worked for over ten years with leading public relations agencies, including the global PR firm Edelman. Her work there included a posting to Shanghai as the Asia Pacific Marketing Manager where she created and implemented business strategies and marketing campaigns to reposition Edelman across eight Asia-Pacific markets.
Samantha received an executive MBA from Washington University’s Olin School of Business in Shanghai, China, and a BA in Honors Sociology from McGill University in Montréal, Québec, Canada.
Amy Bach has been the Executive Director and President of Measures for Justice since 2011. She founded the organization as a follow-up to her acclaimed book, Ordinary Injustice: How America Holds Court, which won the 2010 Robert F. Kennedy Book Award. In June 2011, Echoing Green, a premier seed investor for social entrepreneurs, selected Amy as a Fellow out of 3,000 candidates worldwide to support the launch of Measures for Justice. Following that, she was named a Draper Richards Kaplan Social Entrepreneur. For her work on Ordinary Injustice, Amy received a Soros Media Fellowship, a special J. Anthony Lukas citation, and a Radcliffe Fellowship at Harvard University. Amy was a Knight Foundation Journalism Fellow at Yale Law School and is a graduate of Stanford Law School. In 2012, she taught Criminal Law during the spring semester at the University of Buffalo Law School as a Visiting Professor. She lives in Rochester, NY where the organization is based.
Robert Hutchison joined MFJ in 2016 while completing his Ph.D. in Criminology at the Pennsylvania State University. As MFJ’s Senior Research Fellow, he is assisting in the processing and management of MFJ’s data sets, conducting analyses, and publishing academic works to establish MFJ as a scientific resource.
Robert’s dissertation Shared History, Shared Decisions: Using Social Networks to Examine Court Communities takes a fresh look at the court communities' perspective developed by Eisenstein, et al., by applying a social networks approach. Robert is looking at the impact of experience and relationships among prosecutors, judges, and defense attorneys upon case outcomes. Robert’s previous work has produced reports to the Pennsylvania legislature and a publication in the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.
His research interests include social networks, courts, corrections, life course criminology, and criminological theory.
Lori joined Measures for Justice in 2016.
Previously Lori worked at Manning and Napier, a Rochester based investment firm, where she supervised administrative staff supporting hundreds of employees nationally. Prior to Manning, Lori managed operations and fundraising campaigns at multiple New York based YMCAs.
Lori earned her BS in Sociology from SUNY College at Brockport, NY.
Andrew Branch joined Measures for Justice in 2015 as Director of Technology and Product. He designs MFJ’s product line and heads its implementation. Andrew brings over 25 years of software development experience with 15 years managing and mentoring small software development teams, most recently at LincWare and Qarbon. He has designed and delivered numerous business and consumer oriented products over that time.
Andrew has a BS in Computer Science from Siena College and an MS in Computer Science from RIT.
Fiona Maazel is the author of the novels Last Last Chance, which won the Bard Fiction Prize, Woke Up Lonely, which was a finalist for the Believer Book Award, and A Little More Human.
Her work has appeared in Bookforum,Conjunctions, The New York Times, The New York Times Book Review, Oprah Magazine, Salon, This American Life, Harpers, and elsewhere.
She teaches at Princeton University and has been with Measures for Justice since 2015.
Sema Taheri joined MFJ in 2016 while completing her Ph.D. in Criminology and Justice Policy at Northeastern University. As a Senior Research Fellow, she is assisting in the development of MFJ's data collection protocol, in the management of data sets and analyses, and in the advancement of MFJ’s research and publication agenda.
Sema has worked closely with county sheriffs’ offices on a number of projects, including evaluations of correctional treatment programming, and analyses of trends in the jail population. Her current research focuses on the gap between research and practice, and the development of evidence-based policy and programming within criminal justice agencies. She has a particular interest on the diffusion of knowledge through partnerships and the effects of these partnerships on decision-making. Her dissertation begins to explore the experiences of academic researchers and criminal justice practitioners who have engaged with one another to address these gaps.
Her other research interests include institutional and community corrections, offender reentry, CJ organizations, and program evaluation.
Shelby joined Measures for Justice in 2017. In her current role, she conducts outreach and data collection throughout Missouri. She also supports MFJ's goal of measuring 20 states by 2020, through collecting court data.
She previously worked with the nonprofit Youth In Need, coordinating services for socially and economically disadvantaged populations in Missouri. Additionally, she served as a Consultant for the Office of Justice Programs Diagnostic Center, examining youth-involved gun violence in the city of St. Louis. Shelby received a Master's degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice from the University of Missouri - St. Louis, where she served as a Research Assistant.
Steve ‘Spike’ Spiker joined Measures for Justice in 2018. As Data Evangelist he will be supporting the outreach teams, developing a new client portal and working on standards and vendor relationships.
Spike has extensive multidisciplinary research experience, leading dozens of applied social research projects in his term as Director of Research with Oakland’s Urban Strategies Council. He speaks nationally on data informed decision making, open data and the communication of data to diverse audiences.
Spike has led crime analysis projects, evaluated probation agency programs and supported community reentry networks and reinvestment efforts. He is proficient in advanced computer mapping and data analysis platforms as well as data visualization. He has managed and mentored research and tech teams and before emigrating to the USA he worked in spatial epidemiology.
Spike received his Masters of Geographic Information Science from Curtin University in Western Australia. He resides in the Oakland side of the San Francisco Bay Area.
David Kilmer joined Measures for Justice in 2015 as Lead Developer / Architect. He helps design and develop MFJ's product line. David has over 20 years of software architecture and development experience. He most recently designed and built a large-scale system for drug-testing administration and occupational health management that met strict governmental regulations for data reliability and security.
David has a BA in Philosophy from Pennsylvania State University.
Stephen Byrne works on the MFJ data pipeline and infrastructure, drawing on a decade of experience as a software developer and system administrator processing and managing a variety of data.
After several years as lead developer for an online data entry, document generation, and reporting tool, he most recently worked on a system to transmit and process data from vehicles around the country, scaling to handle terabytes of data a month.
Stephen has a BS in Mechanical Engineering from RIT.
Based in Seattle, Lauren manages MFJ's Outreach in the western states. Since joining MFJ in 2015, she has traveled to every county in Washington and Arizona, and currently leads MFJ's California Data Outreach team, working closely with Rochester staff to ensure knowledge from the field is incorporated into MFJ's work. Lauren's approach to Outreach is heavily informed by local criminal justice experience as a Research Attorney for Douglas County District Court in her hometown of Lawrence, KS. She holds a Juris Doctor (JD) and Bachelors of Genetics (BS) from the University of Kansas. When home from the road, Lauren enjoys exploring Washington with her enormous dog and practices the martial art of capoeira in the Capoeira Angola Palmares lineage.
Amanda obtained a Dual Bachelor’s Degree from San Francisco State University in International Relations and Criminal Justice.
During her undergraduate career, she worked/interned at the San Francisco District Attorney’s office, Child Assault Unit, and San Francisco Mayor’s office as the Legislative Aide Intern. After which, she worked for the Department of Homeland Security.
Amanda later went on to obtain a Master’s Degree in Criminology at the University of California, Irvine.
Most recently Amanda worked at a criminal defense law firm in the Bay Area, where she managed case files and oversaw all court proceedings.
Amanda is a California native.
Jennie joined Measures for Justice in 2016 as a Research Consultant. She then became part of the outreach team as a Regional Data Outreach Manager, conducting outreach and data collection throughout Missouri. In her current role as a Data Outreach Manager, Jennie is responsible for management and implementation of state and county-level data collection. Jennie holds a master's degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice.
Keturah Bixby has a Ph.D. in Cognitive Science from the University of Rochester. As a Senior Data Scientist, she works on Information Extraction, statistical analysis, and supporting the data management process.
Joe Hale joined Measures for Justice in 2016 as a Senior Developer. He is working on the automated collection and processing of the data that the Measures are built on. Joe developed expertise in data processing during his Ph.D. and honed his programming skills building development tools for embedded devices.
Joe received his D.Phil. in collective animal behavior from the University of Oxford, UK, in 2008.
Mary Ashton joined MFJ in 2017 as a software developer. She will be working to make the MFJ data portal even more usable, as well as building tools to help bring more data into the portal. Mary Ashton has worked in the startup and non profit world, in the latter helping formerly incarcerated individuals transition into permanent housing and employment.
Mary Ashton has a BA in Music Performance (viola) and a Certificate in Documentary Studies from Duke University.
Hillary Livingston joined MFJ in 2014 after completing a Master’s degree in Criminal Justice and Criminology at Loyola University Chicago. In her time at MFJ she has grown from a Research Associate to a Research Fellow. She has been responsible for collecting data from county criminal justice agencies, promoting MFJ’s public presence and data management of court data. As a Research Fellow, she continues to advance MFJ’s research and publication goals, helps in the training and supervision of research associates, and works to promote a high standard of data quality assurance.
Hillary’s interest in criminal justice grew out of various opportunities gained while living in California, including working with youth in a restorative justice program, designing educational material for incarcerated women and performing legal outreach to homeless shelters. Hillary’s research interests include prosecutorial decision making, collateral consequences resulting from involvement in the justice system and restorative justice.
Rachel has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Rochester in Political Science and Philosophy, with a minor in Chinese language. As a Legal Research Assistant, she is primarily conducting research to identify national standards related to the Measures. Previously, Rachel has interned with the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), and the New York State Supreme Court.
Rachel is interested in the role of gender in the criminal justice system, juvenile justice, and constitutional law.
Charles Teese joined Measures for Justice in 2017 as a System Administrator. He brings over 6 years of experience as a System Administrator, Network Engineer, and Software Developer with a focus on Information Security. Charles has a BA in Computer Science from Hampshire College.
Nathan LeMahieu joined MFJ in 2017 after receiving his Masters of Science in Criminal Justice from the Rochester Institute of Technology. As a Research Associate, Nathan’s responsibilities include assembling, cleaning, and analyzing state Department of Corrections data.
Nathan’s previous research included quantitative and qualitative statistical analyses, and implementation evaluation. Among many research projects he had been involved in, he had recently conducted and help lead a grant-funded, independent evaluation of the Rochester Police Department’s Body-Worn Camera implementation.
Nathan’s Criminal Justice interests include: policing, corrections & recidivism, rehabilitative strategies rather than punitive sanctions for drug offenses, and procedural justice.
Following an internship position, Ian Thomas joined Measures for Justice in the fall of 2016 as a Research Assistant after graduating with a Bachelors of Arts from SUNY Geneseo in Sociology with a Communications minor.
Ian’s primary tasks at Measures for Justice include researching and mapping county-level public court and jail data availability, researching government policies and criminal justice resources, and acting as a general resource to the senior research team.
Raelynn Walker joined MFJ in the fall of 2016, after receiving her Masters of Science in Criminology from the University of Pennsylvania. As a Research Associate, she is responsible for assembling, cleaning, and examining state police data.
Raelynn also has a Bachelors degree from Denison University in Psychology with a dual minor in Sociology/Anthropology and French. She has interned at various positions within the criminal justice system, including the Erie County Sheriff’s Domestic Violence Unit and Buffalo City Domestic Violence and Human Trafficking Court, as well as conducting research in the Erie County Holding Center.
Laura joined MFJ in 2017 after receiving her Masters of Science in Criminology from the University of Pennsylvania. She also has a Bachelor of Arts in Criminology and a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from the University of Florida. As a Research Associate, Laura’s responsibilities include assembling, cleaning, and analyzing state jail data.
Laura previously worked in test prep for three years, where she was instrumental in guiding a private school in South Florida to the number one National Merit Scholar ranking in the entire state. Her other criminological research interests include sex offender registration laws and mental illness.
Nathan began his tenure at MFJ in February 2016 as a Research Intern from SUNY Geneseo, where he majored in Sociology and minored in Psychology. As a Research Intern, Nathan assisted the research team with coding of case-level data, assessing the availability of publicly accessible court data, and developing guidelines for future data acquisition.
In June of 2017 Nathan joined the MFJ team full-time as a Research Assistant. His areas of specialty and research duties grew to include analysis and management of county contextual and jail census data. Nathan was also instrumental in developing an improved imputation strategy to account for missingness in FBI UCR data.
Having since moved into the role of Legal Research Assistant in May 2018, Nathan is now focusing on MFJ’s Legal Context project, which seeks to illustrate the legislative landscape in which MFJ’s Measures exist. Continuing to maintain his other data management duties, Nathan’s responsibilities also now include collection and analysis of statutory data, management of project timelines and training materials, as well as providing additional assistance to the research team as needed.
First starting as an intern, Jalon Howard joined the Measures for Justice team fulltime in 2016 as a Research Assistant after receiving his Bachelors of Arts from the University of Rochester in International Relations with a concentration in Political Economy and Development.
As a Research Assistant, Jalon works to provide statutory context to the Measures, research county-level criminal justice resources, and provide coding support to the Senior Research Team.
Brian D. Johnson is an Associate Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. He received his Ph.D. in Crime, Law & Justice in 2003 from the Pennsylvania State University. His dissertation was supported by the Forrest Crawford Fellowship for Ethical Inquiry and received the Penn State Alumni Association Dissertation Award.
In 2008 Brian received the American Society of Criminology Ruth Shonle Cavan Young Scholar Award. His current research interests include contextual variations in sentencing, racial and ethnic relations in society, and the use of advanced statistical modeling techniques to study criminal processes.
Andres F. Rengifo is an Associate Professor and M.A. Program Director at Rutgers School of Criminal Justice, and received his Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center – John Jay College in 2007. His research focuses primarily on the macro-level intersection between sentencing policies and imprisonment. He also studies social networks, and urban crime and disorder.
Andres’s current areas of interest include the study of corrections’ policy and innovation at the state and local levels, the evolution of co-offending networks over time and space, and comparative work on issues of public safety and crime control in Latin America (Colombia, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Chile, Jamaica). Andres is also a Research Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management).
Min Xie is an Associate Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. She received her Ph.D. in Criminal Justice in 2007 from State University of New York at Albany. Her dissertation received the University at Albany Outstanding Dissertation Award. In 2012 she received the American Society of Criminology Ruth Shonle Cavan Young Scholar Award. Her research interests include theories of criminal victimization, race/ethnicity and gender issues, multilevel and longitudinal models, and spatial data analysis. She is currently conducting research on immigration and violent victimization using funding from the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
John Chisholm is the District Attorney of Milwaukee County. His office handles criminal cases for the State of Wisconsin in the Milwaukee County Circuit Court. Prior to being elected as Milwaukee County District Attorney, he was an Assistant Milwaukee County District Attorney, responsible for violent crime, drug, and firearm prosecutions.
John chairs the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys based in Washington, D.C., and serves on the Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission, Community Justice Council, Safe & Sound, and Milwaukee Addiction Treatment Initiative boards, and is past chair of the Milwaukee High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area board.
Christopher Fisher has spent his entire career working to guide the development of public policy through action-oriented research. Before joining the Seattle Police Department, Chris served as a Senior Policy Advisor for the Council of State Governments Justice Center, and before that as Director of Analysis & Integrated Solutions in the New York City Mayor’s Office of Criminal Justice. In this role he worked to coordinate the planning, analysis, and evaluation of inter-agency efforts to solve place-based criminal justice challenges in New York City through data integration and cooperative service delivery.
Chris has served in similar capacities for other New York City criminal justice agencies including the New York City Police Department, the Department of Probation, the Administration for Children’s Services, and the former Department of Juvenile Justice. In each of these positions he was charged with expanding the agencies’ research capacity and engaging academic research partners to bolster the scope of information examined to support operations.
Before working with the City of New York, he was a Senior Research Assistant with the Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Center at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, where he helped lead research projects supporting New York State and City government programs and other violence and substance abuse prevention and intervention programs.
Chris earned his B.A. in Psychology from the University of Virginia, his M.A. in Criminal Justice from John Jay College of Criminal Justice, and his Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from the City University of New York – Graduate Center.
Derek Coursen joined Public Health Solutions in 2007, and currently directs informatics for the administration of New York City’s portfolio of HIV care and prevention contracts. He was previously Director of Information Management at the Vera Institute of Justice, where he co-led projects that developed indicators for New York State’s juvenile justice system and New York City’s child welfare court filings.
Derek has published several articles on data modeling in public service settings, and he has a particular focus on information system design in relation to diverse stakeholder purposes around operations, performance measurement and evaluation.
Jessica Saunders is a senior research scientist the Institute for Public Research, CNA. Prior, she was a criminologist at the RAND Corporation with over fifteen years of experience conducting research related to the criminal justice system. Her research interests include policing, evaluation research, and quantitative methods.
Saunders has led several large-scale criminal justice and prevention evaluation efforts, including a multi-site open-air drug market intervention evaluation, NIJ's predictive policing evaluation, a large scale NIJ-funded school safety program evaluation, the Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center for Small, Rural, Tribal, and Border Criminal Justice Systems, an examination of the Israel National Police, and the effectiveness of correctional education.
Jessica has authored a series of statistical and methodological pieces on emerging statistical techniques for measuring the development of delinquency and youth violence and their implications for youth intervention evaluations, as well as advanced new quantitative methods to overcome sampling bias when using quasi-experimental and observational data at the individual and geographic level for evaluation research. She spent five months in Afghanistan studying both the development and effectiveness of Afghan local police and U.S. military women working in combat positions for NATO Special Forces.
Jim Parsons is the Vice President and Research Director at the Vera Institute of Justice and Principal Investigator in Vera’s International Indicators Group. Among other projects, he is currently directing research on the impact of recent reforms to drug law sentencing policies in New York City, developing research led jail reentry initiatives in New York and Los Angeles, and working with criminal justice and behavioral health agencies in Washington, D.C., to inform the provision of forensic substance use and mental health treatment services.
Jim’s international work includes a project for the United Nations to develop and test indicators of justice system performance for use in post-conflict settings, and a long-term initiative to develop and evaluate justice system reform projects in China.
Jim has published on empirical research methods for improving justice systems, jail reentry services, the use of indicators to evaluate justice system performance, and public health interventions targeting substance users.
Don Stemen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Loyola University Chicago. For three years, he was MFJ’s first Consulting Director of Research & Analytics responsible for shaping MFJ’s research agenda, heightening its real-world impact, strengthening its research funding base, and promoting and sustaining collaboration with MFJ’s government and private partners.
Prior to joining Loyola in 2007, he was the Director of Research for Sentencing and Corrections at the Vera Institute of Justice. His research explores the innovation and diffusion of sentencing and corrections policies in the United States, the macro-level intersection between sentencing policies and imprisonment, and the micro-level impact of sentencing policies on the use of discretion. He has completed numerous federally-funded and foundation-funded projects examining the effects of sentencing policies on incarceration rates in the United States, the impact of mandatory treatment and probation programs on recidivism, and the decision-making processes of prosecutors.
Valerie West is an Assistant Professor at John Jay College. Prior to John Jay, Valerie was a Senior Research Analyst at the Center for Crime Community & the Law at Columbia University School of Law, and the Center for Violence Research and Prevention at Columbia University School of Public Health. Her research and scholarship have focused on the interaction of crime, inequality, law, and social policy.
Valerie has written extensively on the role of race and place in: capital sentencing; the re-adoption of capital punishment; the capital review process; and incarceration. She is currently examining the neighborhood effects of incarceration and race on voting participation (registration and turnout) in New York City between 1990 and 2002. In addition, she is researching the influence of race on clearance rates for capital homicide and capital sentencing. She is also developing a long-term research project on incarceration and community disenfranchisement.
Since 2001, Margaret Gressens has been the Research Director for the Office of Indigent Defense Services. From 1996 to 2000, Margaret was a Health Planner for the Municipality of Anchorage, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), where she directed a project that measured the health and quality of life of the municipality.
She was Assistant Director of the Real Security Education Project for the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, D.C., where she co-designed a research and education project on the impact of U.S. foreign policy on the U.S. and the international economy. She has also worked for the Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska, and for the Office of United States Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan (NY), Washington, D.C.
Dr. Todd Clear is a former Provost at Rutgers University-Newark, and former Dean of the School of Criminal Justice. Todd received his Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from the University at Albany, and has also held professorships at Ball State University, Florida State University (where he was also Associate Dean of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice) and John Jay College of Criminal Justice (where he held the rank of Distinguished Professor).
Todd has authored 13 books and over 100 articles and book chapters. His most recent book is The Punishment Imperative, by NYU Press. Todd has also written on community justice, correctional classification, prediction methods in correctional programming, community-based correctional methods, intermediate sanctions, and sentencing policy, and is currently involved in studies of the criminological implications of “place,” and the economics of justice reinvestment.
Todd has served as president of The American Society of Criminology, The Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and The Association of Doctoral Programs in Criminology and Criminal Justice. His work has been recognized through several awards, including those of the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, The Rockefeller School of Public Policy, the American Probation and Parole Association, the American Correctional Association, and the International Community Corrections Association.
Todd is also the founding editor of the journal Criminology & Public Policy, published by the American Society of Criminology.
Ingo Keilitz is Senior Justice Reform Specialist at the World Bank. From 2010-2012 he was principal court research consultant at the National Center for State Courts (NCSC) in Williamsburg, Virginia, where he was vice president 1990 – 1995b. From 1995 to 2010, he headed CourtMetrics, a management consulting firm specializing in performance measurement and management in the justice sector.
Over the last ten years, he has focused on helping justice systems throughout the world build court performance measurement and management systems. Ingo is a major contributor to the development of court performance standards and measures, including: Appellate CourTools (2009), the CourTools (2005), the Trial Court Performance Standards with Commentary (1995), the Trial Courts Performance Standards and Measurement System (1997), the Family Court Performance Standards and Measures (1999), Quality Counts: A Manual of Family Court Performance Measurement (2001), the National Probate Court Standards (1993), the Guidelines for State Court Decision Making in Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment Cases (1992), and the Guidelines for Involuntary Civil Commitment (1986). He is co-inventor of CourtMetrix, a computer-based court performance dashboard produced by ACS, Inc.
His book, Made to Measure: Developing Court Metrics and Building Performance Measurement Systems, is scheduled to be published next year.
Bob Dworkin is a Professor of Anesthesiology at University of Rochester and founder of The Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT), which develops consensus reviews and recommendations for improving the design, execution, and interpretation of clinical trials of treatments for pain with the FDA at its side.
Jim Lynch is professor and chair of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. Lynch joined the department after serving as the director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in the United States Department of Justice. Previously, he was a distinguished professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at John Jay College, City University of New York. He was a professor in the Department of Justice, Law and Society at American University from 1986 to 2005 and chair of that department from 2003 to 2005.
Lynch's research focuses on victim surveys, victimization risk, the role of coercion in social control, and crime statistics. He has published four books and numerous articles many of them dealing with crime statistics. He was vice president-elect of the American Society of Criminology (ASC) and served on the Committee on Law and Justice Statistics of the American Statistical Association. From 2008 to 2010 he was co-editor of the Journal of Quantitative Criminology.
Lynch received his B.A. degree from Wesleyan University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago.
Cassia Spohn is a Foundation professor and director of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice. She received her Ph.D. in political science from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in 1978.
Prior to joining the faculty at Arizona State University, she was a Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Nebraska at Omaha, where she served as director of graduate studies for 12 years and as department chair for one year.
Cassia is the author of the book How Do Judges Decide? The Search for Fairness and Justice in Punishment. She is also the co-author of several books, including Drugs, Crime and Justice; Policing and Prosecuting Sexual Assault: Inside the Criminal Justice System; The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America; and Rape Law Reform: A Grassroots Movement and Its Impact.
She has published more than 100 articles on topics such as the effects of race/ethnicity and sex on state and federal sentencing decisions, sentencing of drug offenders, case processing decisions in sexual assault cases, and the deterrent effect of imprisonment. Her work has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Justice, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
In 1987 her research was cited by the U.S. Supreme Court in the landmark case, McCleskey v. Kemp. In 2011 she was named an ASU Foundation Professor and in 2013 she was awarded ASU’s Faculty Achievement Award for Defining Edge Research in Social Sciences. She has been the editor of Justice Quarterly since 2011.
Prior to joining CUNY in May 2013 to help create the Institute for State and Local Governance, Michael Jacobson was president of the Vera Institute of Justice, serving from 2005 to 2013. He is the author of Downsizing Prisons: How to Reduce Crime and End Mass Incarceration.
Holding a Ph.D. in sociology, he has had an ongoing academic career coupled with more than 20 years of government service. From 1998 to 2005 he was a professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center of CUNY. He was New York City correction commissioner from 1995 to 1998, New York City probation commissioner from 1992 to 1996, and worked in the New York City Office of Management and Budget from 1984 to 1992 where he was a deputy budget director.
In 2010 to 2012, Michael served as the chair of Altus, a global alliance working across continents and from a multicultural perspective to improve public safety and justice.
Dr. Greg Ridgeway is an Associate Professor of Criminology and Statistics and Director of the M.S. Program in Criminology at the University of Pennsylvania. His research involves the development of statistical, computational, and analytical methods to improve our understanding of crime and the functioning of the justice system. At the same time he has great interest in putting those methods into practice. His methods have been put into place in police departments, including Cincinnati, Los Angeles, and New York City, in federal public defender organizations, and in drug treatment program evaluations.
Greg's leadership experience in running research organizations in the public and private sectors is well suited for teaching and mentoring students with career aspirations in public service, research organizations, or academia.
Prior to coming to Penn, Greg was the Acting Director of the National Institute of Justice, and as such, a member of the Senior Executive Service, the highest leadership position in the federal government's civil service. NIJ is the Justice Department’s science agency with 80 employees and a budget of $250M and charged with strengthening the social, physical, and forensic sciences in order to improve our understanding of crime and advance justice. While leading NIJ, Greg implemented many reforms to clarify the scientific focus of the institute and implemented initiatives including a $75M school safety research program.
Previously, Greg was Director of the RAND Safety and Justice Program and the RAND Center on Quality Policing where he worked with numerous criminal justice organizations around the world.
Greg is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association, a distinction he received for being one of the world’s foremost statisticians engaged in crime research. He is the inventor on seven awarded U.S. patents.
Mona Lynch is a professor of Criminology, Law & Society, School of Ecology, at University of California, Irvine. Mona Lynch's research and writing focuses on the social, psychological, and cultural dynamics of contemporary criminal adjudication and punishment processes. She uses multiple methodological approaches, including experimental design, ethnographic field methods, and archival and other social artifactual analysis to explore research questions of interest. She co-directs, with Catherine Fisk (UCI-Law), the Center in Law, Society and Culture, and serves as vice-chair of the Department of Criminology, Law and Society.
Judge Barkett brings her 45 years of experience with the criminal justice system to Measures for Justice’s work. In 1979, she was appointed a Florida state circuit court judge, and in 1985 she was appointed to the Florida Supreme Court—the first woman to serve in this position. From 1994 to 2013, Judge Barkett sat on the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals. She currently serves on the Iran - United States Claims Tribunal. Judge Barkett has been inducted into the Florida Women’s Hall of Fame. She has also received the Judicial Achievement Award, The Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award, and the Latin Business and Professional Women Lifetime Achievement Award.
In addition, every year two awards are given out in her honor: The Rosemary Barkett Outstanding Achievement Award by the Florida Association of Women Lawyers, and The Rosemary Barkett Award to an individual who has demonstrated outstanding commitment to equal justice under law.
Currently Vice President of Strategy, Policy & Legal at Voyage - an autonomous vehicle start-up working to deploy AV technology in local communities, starting with retirement communities. Justin leads go-to-market strategy, product policy, regulatory engagement, communications, and legal. He came over from Uber where he was Head of Policy for Autonomous Vehicles & Urban Aviation. He previously served as the Principal Tech & data Advisor to Attorney General Kamala D. Harris at the California Department of Justice. He has also worked at McKinsey & Co. as a strategy consultant and clerked on the 11th Circuit of the Federal Judiciary. He holds a J.D. from NYU School of Law and a B.A. from Harvard College.
Dr. William Sabol is a VP at Westat. Bill is a former Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics at the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).
Bill has more than 30 years of professional experience in criminal justice research and policy. As Acting Chief of the National Crime Victimization Survey Unit and Chief of the Corrections Statistics Unit, Bill was responsible for managing data collection and statistical operations, developing administrative records, publishing statistical reports, and coordinating and implementing comprehensive statistical program plans. He served earlier as Acting Director of the DOJ National Institute of Justice.
Prior to his tenure at DOJ, Bill was with the Government Accountability Office as Assistant Director, Homeland Security and Justice. His earlier experience includes Associate Director of the Center on Urban Poverty and Social Change at Case Western Reserve University, and Senior Research Associate at the Urban Institute.
While earning his Ph.D. in Policy Research and Analysis at the University of Pittsburgh, Bill was a Fulbright Scholar at Cambridge University.
Ellen S. Miller is the cofounder and former executive director of the Sunlight Foundation, a Washington-based, non-partisan non-profit dedicated to using the power of the Internet to catalyze greater government openness and transparency. She is the founder of two other prominent Washington-based organizations in the field of money and politics — the Center for Responsive Politics and Public Campaign — and a nationally recognized expert on transparency and the influence of money in politics. Her experience as a Washington advocate for more than 35 years spans the worlds of non-profit advocacy, grassroots activism, and journalism.
Ellen serves on the Board of Directors of Publish What You Fund and Heaven Hill Distilleries. She is a member of the Policy Advisory Council of Transparency International, U.S.
Josh Mailman, veteran angel investor and philanthropist, has made over 80 early-stage investments for both himself and on behalf of friends who he advises.
In 1999, the Mailman family endowed $33 million to fund the Columbia Mailman School of Public Health. In 1987, Mr. Mailman and fellow philanthropist Wayne Silby founded Social Venture Network. SVN is dedicated to inspiring a community of business and social leaders to build a just economy and sustainable planet. SVN has spawned other similar and successful ventures specializing in investments for social good, including Investors’ Circle, Net Impact, and the Threshold Foundation.
In addition to ongoing board activities (Blacksmith Institute, Human Rights Watch, the Fund for Global Human Rights, Sierra Madre Alliance, Witness) and sitting on the Sigrid Rausing Trust, U.K. and the Joshua Mailman Foundation, Josh is creating a program to support Muslim Social Entrepreneurs in the Middle East, and managing Serious Change LP, a global for-profit social venture fund.
David Shipley is the senior executive editor of Bloomberg View. He was previously the deputy editorial page editor and op-ed page editor for the New York Times. He served in the Clinton administration as special assistant to the president and senior presidential speechwriter. Before that, he was executive editor at the New Republic. David is co-author of SEND: Why People Email So Badly and How to Do It Better.
Josh Knauer has been a social entrepreneur for the past 20 years, creating and leading successful organizations in both the non-profit and for-profit sectors. His ability to spot emerging trends in technology and how they can be used for the betterment of society and the environment have caused him to be considered a leading expert in the field. In the Spring of 2010, Josh was appointed by the Obama Administration to a working group of President Obama’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.
Prior to Rhiza Labs, Josh led MAYA Design’s Information Commons project. Before that, he founded and served as CEO of Green Marketplace, a clearing-house for socially and environmentally responsible products, services and information, which he sold to Gaiam in 2002. In 1991, Josh founded and served as Executive Director of the EnviroLink Network, a nonprofit foundation dedicated to helping organizations adopt emerging technologies, and was one of the first .orgs on the Internet.
Rick Morello is a seasoned healthcare industry executive with two decades of senior management and strategy consulting experience in medical device, pharmaceutical, health information technology, and healthcare delivery domains. Rick is currently the President of Life Sciences business unit of Aptus Health, a global digital health company owned by Merck. Prior to Aptus, Rick served as the President and CEO of Plasma Surgical, an innovative medical device company with technology used in oncology, gynecology and general surgery, and a partner in the health and life sciences practice of Mercer Management Consulting, now part of Oliver Wyman. Rick is also the Founder and President of Family Reach, a national cancer support foundation that has helped thousands of families deal with the financial challenges of cancer.
Rick received a Bachelor of Arts in economics from the University of Virginia and an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.
Edwin Schallert is a member of Debevoise’s Litigation Department and is Co-Chair of its Securities Litigation Practice.
Ed has worked on complex civil litigation and regulatory inquiries. He has significant experience in defending securities litigation and in representing life insurance companies in court and in regulatory matters.
Ed joined Debevoise in 1983 and became a partner in 1989. Prior to joining the firm, he served as a Law Clerk to Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall, US Supreme Court, and to the Honorable J. Skelly Wright, US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. From 1975 to 1978, he served as a legislative assistant to U.S. Representative Les Aspin in Washington D.C.
Ed holds an A.B. from Stanford University (1974) Phi Beta Kappa, a M.P.P. from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (1981) and a J.D. magna cum laude from Harvard Law School (1981), where he was Managing Editor of the Harvard Law Review.
Mason DeLang joined Measures for Justice in 2018. As a Senior Data Scientist, he works on statistical analyses and methods that help MFJ produce the highest quality data.
Mason has a Master’s degree in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and is completing a PhD in Political Science at the University of Rochester. His dissertation focuses on the spread of news on social media, and the ability of shared news to broaden the set of issues that partisans read about.
Dominic has received a Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice, a Bachelor of Arts degree in Criminology, a Master of Arts degree in Criminal Justice (Constitutional Law and Procedure) as well as an Advanced Certification in Criminal Investigations during his tenure as a student of CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice in Manhattan, New York.
Previously, Dominic worked as a Trial Preparations Assistant for the Narcotics Bureau of the Office of the Bronx District Attorney in Bronx, New York. His primary role was to assist in the prosecution of indictments related to lengthy Narcotics investigations; more specifically involving the transportation and sale of Opioids. Today, as a Legal Research Assistant, he is conducting legal research to assist Measures for Justice in the development of national benchmarks within the Criminal Justice System.
"I believe in the work Measures for Justice is conducting. I am honored to be working for an organization that has the potential to directly influence to the way policies are introduced and practices are conducted within the Criminal Justice System." - Dominic Testino
Jenna has a Bachelor of Arts from SUNY Oswego in Public Justice, with a minor in Forensic Science. As a Legal Research Assistant, she is conducting legal research to assist Measures for Justice in the development of national benchmarks related to the Measures. Previously, Jenna has interned with the Rochester Police Department in their Evidence Technician unit. Her other research interests include wrongful convictions and mass shootings.
Matt Bernius is a design anthropologist who joined Measures for Justice in 2018. As the Lead UX Researcher, Matt is responsible for the user experience across MFJ’s products, ensuring that users can successfully use our tools to help advocate for change within their local court systems.
Matt has extensive experience in the UX field and has helped a wide range of clients – including Autodesk, Boeing, Google, Honeywell, Kodak, Mozilla, and PwC – improve their products and services to better meet the needs of their end users. Prior to joining the MFJ team, Matt worked with Effective Inc., an experience design firm based out of Denver, Colorado. He also spent time as a visiting professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) and was co-director of RIT’s Open Publishing Lab, an open source research lab.
Matt holds a Master’s degree in the Social Sciences from University of Chicago and a Bachelor’s degree from RIT, and was a PhD student in Cultural Anthropology at Cornell University.
Lenene joined Measures for Justice in 2018 as a Data Outreach Associate. She has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Criminal Justice, a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Political Science, and a Master of Arts Degree in Criminal Justice from Arizona State University. Lenene has over six years professional experience in the criminal justice field at the private, county and federal level. Her most recent relevant experience was with the Pinal County Adult Probation in Florence, AZ as a Probation Officer, a Document Analyst at the U.S. Sentencing Commission in Washington, D.C., and most recently she served as a United States Probation Officer with the Northern District of California. Outside of work, she likes to volunteer around her community and maintain an active and healthy lifestyle.
Winnie Sachdev received a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations with a concentration in Political Economy and Development, and a minor in Legal Studies from the University of Rochester. As a Legal Research Assistant, she is conducting statutory research to provide legal context to the Measures. Previously, Winnie has interned at UNAIDS in her hometown of Bangkok, Monroe County’s Domestic Violence Intervention Court, and the Worker Justice Center of NY under their Human Trafficking program.
Winnie is deeply interested in immigration policies, anti-trafficking legislation, and the role of problem-solving courts in criminal justice reform.
Mikaela Rabinowitz joined Measures for Justice after spending more than a decade working with cities and counties across California to use data to inform criminal justice system policy and practice. As the Justice Practice Director at an Oakland-based research consulting organization, Dr. Rabinowitz obtained firsthand experience of the transformative role data can plan in the implementation of criminal justice processes, as well as the challenges local jurisdictions face in accessing and using the data they need. As MFJ’s California State Director, she oversees our work to measure the state’s 58 counties.
Prior to her work in California, Dr. Rabinowitz was the Chicago site lead for the Office of National Drug Control Policy’s (OJJDP) Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program (ADAM II) and a research advisor for the Illinois Disproportional Justice Impact Study. Dr. Rabinowitz has a PhD in Sociology from Northwestern University and a BA in African American Studies from Columbia University. In addition to her work with Measures for Justice, Dr. Rabinowitz is writing a book, Incarceration without Conviction, which examines the impact of pretrial detention on defendants’ lives and case outcomes.
Jim Bueermann is the president of the Police Foundation, a national, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting innovation and improvement in policing through its research, technical assistance, training, professional services, and communication programs. As president, Bueermann directs all foundation operations and is a voting member of the board of directors. Jim Bueermann worked for the Redlands Police Department for 33 years, serving in every unit within the department. He was appointed chief of police and director of Housing, Recreation and Senior Services in 1998. He retired in June 2011. As chief, he developed a holistic approach to community policing and problem solving that consolidated housing and recreation services into the police department and was based on risk and protective factor research into adolescent problem prevention. This strategy was recognized as one of the country’s 25 most innovative programs in the 2000 Innovations in American Government program sponsored by Harvard’s Kennedy School. Jim was the first police chief to be inducted as an honorary fellow in the Academy of Experimental Criminology and into the halls of fame at George Mason University’s Center for Evidence Based Crime Policy and the School of Behavioral Science at California State University, San Bernardino. He is on policing advisory boards at Cambridge University, George Mason University, John Jay College, and the Council for State Governments and works extensively in the field of evidence-based policing, innovative technologies, and prisoner reentry. Prior to coming to the Police Foundation, he was an executive fellow with the US Department of Justice’s National Institute of Justice and a senior fellow at George Mason University. He is a graduate of California State University, San Bernardino, the University of Redlands, the FBI National Academy, and the California Command College.
Ms. James started her career with the San Joaquin County Probation Department in 1996 as a Probation Officer I in the Juvenile Investigations Unit. Over the years, she has served in various supervisory capacities in both juvenile and adult probation and will leave her current position as Assistant Chief Probation Officer, which she has held for the past two years. Ms. James has led the department in the development and implementation of numerous innovative programs, grants, technology projects, and departmental reorganizations. Most recently, she has been instrumental in the development and writing of the San Joaquin County Public Safety Realignment Plan, as well as ongoing implementation of all plan components. She is the primary liaison between all partner agencies of the Community Corrections Partnership. Additionally, Ms. James has served on numerous committees both within the Probation Department and in collaboration with partner agencies. As a longtime resident of San Joaquin County, Ms. James has been equally dedicated to the local community as to her profession. She has been a Girl Scout Leader, served on the Board of Directors for the Mediation Center of San Joaquin, and has participated on the Community Partnership for Families Planning Committee for its annual Multi-cultural Health and Safety Fair. Ms. James earned both her Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice in 1992 and Masters of Science degree in Criminal Justice in 2000 from California State University, Sacramento.
Jim Mayer is President & CEO of California Forward, a bipartisan public interest effort to bolster democracy and improve the performance of government in California. Working with civic and governmental partners statewide, CA Fwd has been the consistent advocate for comprehensive governance reforms that will lead to better results and accountability. As its chief executive, Mayer has helped to usher California’s modernization of redistricting, primary elections, term limits, ethics and transparency laws – to empower voters, encourage bipartisan solutions and restore public trust. He shepherded CA Fwd’s efforts to build capacity within governments to improve outcomes, and to advance a shared agenda among private, civic and public sector leaders to sustainably and equitable increase prosperity.
For a decade, Mayer was a daily newspaper journalist chronicling public problems. For another decade, Mayer staffed and led an independent and bipartisan state commission charged with reviewing programs and policies and recommending reforms to the Governor and the Legislature. And for the most recent decade, Mayer has helmed a civic effort to close the gap between what state and local agencies are getting done – and what they need to get done to reduce poverty and restore upward mobility, to create sustainable and equitable communities, and to support competitive and resilient regional economies.
As a journalist with The Press-Tribune in Placer County, The Bakersfield Californian and The Sacramento Bee, Mayer was recognized statewide for his coverage of education and natural resource issues. While a project manager, deputy director and executive director of the Little Hoover Commission, he was involved in more than 30 comprehensive reviews of government policies and operations.
At CA Fwd, he has worked with volunteer leaders and a statewide team of staff and consultants to mature solutions from ideas to implementation – from fiscal procedures to specific programs focused on public health, safety and education.
He is a graduate of Diablo Valley College and California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. He earned a master’s in public policy from California State University, Sacramento and was a fellow at the University of Michigan.
Lenny Mendonca is a director emeritus (retired senior partner) from the Washington D.C. and San Francisco offices of McKinsey & Company, a global management consulting firm. Lenny founded McKinsey’s U.S. state and local public sector practice. For many years Lenny led the Firm’s knowledge development efforts overseeing the McKinsey Global Institute and the Firm’s communications, which includes the McKinsey Quarterly, and served for a decade on the McKinsey Shareholder Council (its board of directors). His client work focused on service to public sector organizations, and over the course of his career he helped dozens of government, corporate, and nonprofit clients solve their most difficult management challenges.
Lenny is the Chair of Children Now, co-Chair of California Forward, and founder and Chair of Fusecorps. He is the Chair Emeritus of the Bay Area Council and the Economic Institute of the Bay Area, and was vice-chair of the Stanford Graduate School of Business Advisory Council. He serves on the boards of The New America Foundation, The Committee for Economic Development, Common Cause, the Bay Area Science and Innovation Consortium, and The California Business for Educational Excellence Foundation. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Board of Trustees for Junior Statesmen of America.
He received his MBA and certificate in public management from the Stanford Graduate School of Business. He holds an AB, magna cum laude, in economics from Harvard College. Lenny lives on the Half Moon Bay coast, south of San Francisco, with his wife and two daughters, where he is the founder and owner of the Half Moon Bay Brewing Company.
In Kevin’s Words: Policy and data analytic professional with experience moving data-driven projects and complex policies forward. I enjoy being a connector and use my inter-personal skills to facilitate common understanding among stakeholders, and my technology skills to facilitate shared solutions to challenges.
About O’Connell Research: O’Connell Research Services is a comprehensive research, evaluation, and data planning organization committed to helping organizations succeed by using information to drive better planning and project success.
Past projects have included research briefs on California’s Realignment Policy, criminal justice data visualizations, and providing technical assistance to counties implementing cost benefit model for effective programs.
Founder Kevin O’Connell has 10 years of experience in quantitative public policy.
EMILY PUTNAM-HORNSTEIN joined the faculty in 2011 after completing her doctoral studies at the University of California, Berkeley. She currently directs the Children’s Data Network, an agency, university and community collaborative funded by First 5 LA and the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation (co-director: Jacquelyn McCroskey). The Children’s Data Network provides a platform for the linkage and analysis of large-scale, administrative data sources to inform children’s policies and programs. Putnam-Hornstein also maintains an appointment at the UC Berkeley California Child Welfare Indicators Project, a long-standing child welfare data and research collaboration with the California Department of Social Services.
Putnam-Hornstein’s current research focuses on the application of epidemiological methods to improve the surveillance of non-fatal and fatal child abuse and neglect, offering insight into where scarce public resources may be most efficiently targeted and informing an understanding of vulnerable children within a broader, population-based context. She is a member of the Data Linkage Committee for California’s Child Welfare Council, the California Vital Statistics Advisory and Vital Records Protection Committee, and serves as the state-appointed co-chair of the Data and Performance Measurement and Outcomes Work Group (California Continuum of Care Reform Initiative, Senate Bill 1013). Her teaching interests include quantitative methods, child and family policy, and child welfare practice. Putnam-Hornstein graduated from Yale with a BA in Psychology, received her MSW from Columbia University, and earned her PhD in Social Welfare from UC Berkeley.
Steven Raphael is a Professor of Public Policy at UC Berkeley and holds the James D. Marver Chair at the Goldman School of Public Policy. His research focuses on the economics of low-wage labor markets, housing, and the economics of crime and corrections. His most recent research focuses on the social consequences of the large increases in U.S. incarceration rates and racial disparities in criminal justice outcomes. Raphael also works on immigration policy, research questions pertaining to various aspects of racial inequality, the economics of labor unions, social insurance policies, homelessness, and low-income housing. Raphael is the author (with Michael Stoll) of Why Are so Many Americans in Prison? (published by the Russell Sage Foundation Press) and The New Scarlet Letter? Negotiating the U.S. Labor Market with a Criminal Record (published by the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research). Raphael is research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, the California Policy Lab, the University of Michigan National Poverty Center, the University of Chicago Crime Lab, IZA, Bonn Germany, and the Public Policy Institute of California. Raphael holds a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley.
In Bryan’s Words: I am an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminology, Law and Society (and, by courtesy, Sociology and Public Health); a Faculty Affiliate in The Center for Demographic and Social Analysis, The Center for Evidence-Based Corrections, and The Center for Biotechnology and Global Health Policy at the University of California-Irvine; a Research Affiliate in the Center for Demography and Ecology (CDE) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison; and a Member of the Racial Democracy, Crime and Justice Network (RDCJN) at Rutgers University and the Scholars Strategy Network. I have been a National Science Foundation Minority Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Washington, a Visiting Scholar in the Department of Demography at UC-Berkeley and in the Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) at UW-Madison, and a Research Associate at the National Economics Research Associates (in the Sampling and Survey Division), the National Board of Medical Examiners (in Operations Research), and Nickerson & Associates LLC (in Statistical and Econometric Analysis).
My research focuses on demography and criminology, broadly defined, with particular interests in fertility, mortality, population health, mass imprisonment, and social inequality. I apply and develop demographic, statistical, and mixed methodologies to understand changing patterns of inequality — nationally and abroad. My research has appeared in social science and medical journals.
I am currently collaborating on three projects. The first project assesses how mass incarceration has affected measures of social inequality and demographic processes (fertility, mortality, and morbidity) among subpopulations with the highest risk of criminal justice contact in America, which has led to the development of new demographic methods for multiple-partner fertility; new statistical methods for estimating mortality in differential population environments; and new sampling weights for national surveys that exclude marginal populations. The second project investigates how national, regional, and global patterns of mortality, morbidity, and injuries have changed over time. The final project is a multi-state mixed-method data collection effort to assess the legal history and social consequences of monetary sanctions across different jurisdictions within the United States, which has led to new sampling methods for dual design studies.
Judge Grossman was appointed to the Bay Judicial District Municipal Court, in Richmond, CA, in January, 1991. He became a Superior Court Judge, in June, 1998, via court unification. He retired, in 2012, after 21 years of judicial service, primarily assigned to criminal matters. Since his retirement, he has been very active in criminal justice policy and advocacy matters.
Judge Grossman grew up in San Diego, California, and graduated from the University of California San Diego. He earned his law degree, at age 22, from the University of San Diego, School of Law. Following his admission to the State Bar of California, he became a Special Agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. As a Special Agent, for six and one half years, he was assigned to matters in: Albuquerque and Gallup, New Mexico; Monterey, California; Madison, WI. Thereafter, he began a successful nine year career as a prosecutor with the: Contra Costa County District Attorney’s Office; U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Criminal Section; U.S. Attorney’s Office, Northern District of California, Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Force.
As a judge, he was a leader in the drug court field, helping to create the Supervised Treatment And Recovery (STAR) Adult Drug Court Program. He attended a training at the International Judicial Academy at The Hague and served as a panelist for the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training sponsored Plea Bargaining Procedures Program in Serbia. In 2015, he gave a three day presentation to trial court judges in Timor Leste.
Judge Grossman currently serves as: an at-large member of the Contra Costa Racial Justice Task Force; a member of Contra Costa Youth Justice Initiative Steering Committee; a member of the Prison Law Office Board of Directors; a member of the Leadership Contra Costa Alumni Association Advisory Board. He has previously served as: a member of the 2016 Contra Costa Cohort to the Government Alliance on Race and Equity; a member (and chair) of the Contra Costa Community Advisory Board to the Community Corrections Partnership; a member (and chair) of the healthRIGHT360 Board of Directors; a member (and chair) of the YMCA of the East Bay, West Contra Costa Branch Board of Directors.
Scott Gary joined Measures for Justice in 2018 as a Helpdesk Technician and Mac Administrator. Scott has 5 years of Macintosh technical support background and is an Apple Certified Macintosh Technician for products spanning the entire Mac platform.
Previously to his tech career Scott was a Military Police officer in the US Army specializing in SRT team tactics and Hazmat/Chemical security.
Tracy Macuga is a proud graduate of Loyola University of Chicago and California Western School of Law in San Diego. For the last 26 years Ms. Macuga has devoted her skills to Indigent Defense representing clients in various Public Defender Offices including the Chicago Public Defenders Office, San Diego, and Riverside County. Ms. Macuga is an accomplished and season trial attorney who now serves as Chief Defender of the Santa Barbara County Public Defender’s Office in the beautiful Central Coast of California. Ms. Macuga is passionate about client centered and holistic representation and sees data analytics as one tool of many to improve the quality of Indigent Defense services.
Josh Kramer joined MFJ in 2018 as a Senior Web Developer. He has a passion for making enjoyable, easy-to-use web experiences, and he will be working on improving the user experience and code structure of our data portal. Josh brings 6 years of frontend and user experience development knowledge to the team, Josh earned a BS in Computer Engineering with a minor in Web Development from Rochester Institute of Technology in 2013.
Mauricio J. Alvarez joined MFJ in 2018, after receiving his doctoral degree in Social Psychology from the University of Nevada, Reno. As a Research Associate, he is responsible for assembling, cleaning, and analyzing state and local criminal justice data.
Before joining MFJ, he worked as an adjunct instructor of statistics at the College at Brockport, and as a research assistant at the Grant Sawyer Center for Justice Studies in Reno, NV.
Mauricio's research interests include juror decision making, political psychology, and public attitudes toward free speech.
David interned for MFJ in 2016, and was brought on in 2018 as a Data Quality Analyst. Prior to starting with MFJ, David completed a Bachelor of Arts in 2016 at the University of Rochester, double majoring in Political Science and Music. They also completed a year of AmeriCorps VISTA service in Rochester, and honed their data management skills at Finger Lakes Performing Provider Systems.
David's role at MFJ involves assessing the viability and usability of data as it is reported from agency partners.
Kirsten is Program Director of the Racial Justice Program at Wellspring Advisory. Over an impressive career, Kirsten has litigated at NAACP LDF and served as Director at the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law.
Moving into philanthropy, Kirsten directed millions of dollars to organizations to expose racial bias in the criminal justice system at the Ford Foundation.
Kirsten brings a keen understanding of non-profit sustainability, a deep familiarity with a range of approaches to justice issues, and her characteristic optimism, warmth, and integrity. She is a graduate of Harvard Law School.